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1904

1905

history - Russo-Japanese War - abortive Russian Revolution of 1905 - Battleship Potemkin uprising, a rebellion of the crew against their oppressive officers - Tsar Nicholas II of Russia agrees to create an elected assembly (the Duma) - Canada and the U.S. expand west, with the Alberta and Saskatchewan provinces and the founding of Las Vegas - the Norwegian Parliament declares the union with Sweden dissolved, and Norway achieves full independence

culture - Albert Einstein formulates the theory of special relativity and states the law of mass-energy conservation - Max Weber: Die Protestantische Ethik und der Geist des Kapitalismus - Nettie Stevens and Edmund Beecher Wilson independently describe the XY sex-determination system - Sigmund Freud: Drei Abhandlungen zur Sexualtheorie (Three Essays on the Theory of Sexuality) - Pathé Frères colorise black-and-white films by machine - the Art Deco movement begins in France - the Fauvism movement is founded, led by Henri Matisse and André Derain - Formation of the Dresden Die Brücke expressionist architecture movement - Stoclet House, Brussels by Josef Hoffmann - Darwin D. Martin House completed in Buffalo, New York by Frank Lloyd Wright - Heinrich Mann: Professor Unrat - Debendranath Tagore (†) - Adolph von Menzel (†) - Jules Verne (†)

music - Arnold Schoenberg: Pelleas und Melisande - Claude Debussy: La Mer - Gustav Mahler: Symphony No. 5. Kindertotenlieder (Songs of the Death of Children) (song-cycle) - Béla Bartók, Zoltán Kodály: music ethnological studies - Franz Lehár: Die Lustige Witwe (The Merry Widow) - Richard Strauss: Salome - Chicago IL, Pekin Theatre, the first black owned musical and vaudeville stock theatre in the United States

1906

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