history - the Republic of China is established - Prague Party Conference: Vladimir Lenin and the Bolshevik Party break away from the rest of the Russian Social Democratic Labour Party - New Mexico is admitted as the 47th U.S. state - Arizona is admitted as the 48th U.S. state - Italian forces are the first to use airships for a military purpose by using them for reconnaissance west of Tripoli behind Turkish lines - France establishes a protectorate over Morocco - U.S. Marines land in Cuba - The First Balkan War begins: Montenegro declares war against Turkey - Bulgarian pilots perform the first bombing with an airplane in history, at the railway station of Karaagac near Edirne against Turkey - Italy and the Ottoman Empire signed a treaty ending the Italo-Turkish War - Albania declares independence from the Ottoman Empire - U.S. Marines intervene in Nicaragua to bolster the conservative government
culture - Alfred Wegener proposes the theory of continental drift - RMS Titanic sinks - Carl Laemmle incorporates Universal Pictures - Carl Jung: Theory of Psychoanalysis - Anthroposophische Gesellschaft (Anthroposophical Society) founded - Thomas Mann: Tod in Venedig (Death in Venice) - Hugo von Hofmannsthal: Jedermann (Everyman) - George Bernard Shaw: Pygmalion - Karl May (†) - August Strindberg (†)
music - Sergei Prokofiev: Piano Concerto No. 1 - Maurice Ravel: Daphnis et Chloé - Arnold Schoenberg: Pierrot Lunaire - Richard Strauss: Ariadne auf Naxos - Franz Schreker: Der ferne Klang - W.C. Handy: The Memphis Blues is published - Jack Judge, Harry H. Williams: It's A Long Way To Tipperary published - Hart A. Wand published Dallas Blues - Jules Massenet (†) - W.C. Handy: Memphis Blues, Dallas Blues, Baby Seals Blues
- 192.01.22 -- US: New Jersey: Camden - recordings for Victor - Bill Murray...
- 1912.02.00? - US: ? - recordings for Edison Amberol - Fisk University Jubilee Quartette (John Wesley Work II, Roland W. Hayes, Leon P. O'Hara, Charles Wesley)
- 1912.02.26 -- US: New York City - recordings for Columbia - Apollo Jubilee Quartette
- 1912.02.27 -- US: New York City - recordings for Columbia - Apollo Jubilee Quartette
- 1912.09.00 -- US: New York City - recordings for Columbia - Bert Williams, studio orchestra (dir: Charles A. Prince)