... dates when who was where, recordings for which label ...



history - June 28, Serb nationalist Gavrilo Princip assassinates Austrian Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria and his wife, Duchess Sophie, in Sarajevo - June 29, Austria-Hungary: The Secretary of the Legation at Belgrade sends a dispatch to Vienna suggesting Serbian complicity in the crime of Sarajevo. Anti-Serb riots erupt in Sarajevo and throughout Bosnia generally - July 23, Austria-Hungary presents Serbia with an unconditional ultimatum - July 28, Austria-Hungary declares war on Serbia and its army bombards Belgrade - July 29, Tsar Nicholas II of Russia orders full mobilization against Austria-Hungary - Aug. 1, Germany declares war on Russia, following Russia's military mobilization in support of Serbia; Germany also begins mobilization, France orders general mobilization - Aug. 3, Germany declares war on Russia's ally, France - Aug. 4, German troops invade neutral Belgium at 8:02 am (local time). Britain declares war on Germany for this violation of Belgian neutrality. This move effectively means a declaration of war by the whole British Commonwealth and Empire against Germany. The United States declares neutrality - Aug. 6, Austria-Hungary declares war on Russia - Aug. 23, Japan declares war on Germany - Nov. 4, Britain and France declare war on Turkey - China declares its neutrality in World War I

culture - the Panama Canal is inaugurated - Copyright: the ASCAP (for American Society of Composers, Authors and Publishers) is established to protect the copyrighted musical compositions of its members - Paramount Pictures is formed - Charles Chaplin makes his film debut - Wassily Kandinsky: Über das Gesitige in der Kunst (Concerning the Spiritual in Art) - Oskar Kokoschka: Die Windsbaut - James Joyce: Dubliners - Georg Trakl (†) - Bertha von Suttner (†)

music - Erich-Moritz von Hornbostel, Curt Sachs: Systematik der Musikinstrumente - the first recorded calypso music is made in Trinidad and Tobago - W.C. Handy: St. Louis Blues published and rec. by Victor Military Band