... dates when who was where, recordings for which label ...

1917

1918

history - Ukraine, Lithuania, Estonia, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Poland and Georgia declare their independence from the Russian Empire - Germany, Austria and Bolshevist Russia sign the Treaty of Brest-Litovsk, ending Russia's involvement in the war - Finland forms an alliance with Germany - Czechoslovakia declares its independence from Austria-Hungary - the Hungarian government terminates the personal union with Austria, officially dissolving the Austro-Hungarian empire - Kaiser Wilhelm II of Germany abdicates and chooses to live in exile in the Netherlands - Emperor Charles I of Austria gives up his absolute power but does not abdicate - Czechoslovakia, Hungary, Austria become a republic - the British occupy Palestine

culture - the Spanish Flu (influenza) becomes pandemic; over 30 million people die in the following 6 months (almost twice as many as died during the war) - Warner Bros. Pictures is established - Hallidie Building is built in San Francisco, designed by Willis Polk, credited as the first glass curtain wall building - Oswald Spengler: Der Untergang des Abendlandes (The Decline of the West or The Downfall of the Occident) - Bertolt Brecht: Baal - Otto Wagner (†) - Peter Rosegger (†) - Edmond Rostand (†) - Gustav Klimt (†) - Egon Schiele (†) - Guillaume Apollinaire (†) - Frank Wedekind (†)

music - Verein für musikalische Privataufführungen (the Society for Private Musical Performances) founded in Vienna by Arnold Schönberg - first documented racially integrated jazz recording session - Claude Debussy (†)

released songs - Original Dixieland Jass Band: Tiger Rag

1919

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