... dates when who was where, recordings for which label ...

1919

1920

history - the second Palmer Raids were attempts by the United States Department of Justice to arrest and deport radical leftists, especially anarchists, from the United States - Turkey gives up the Ottoman Empire and most of the non-Turkish areas - Adolf Hitler presents his National Socialist program in Munich - Adolf Hitler makes his first public political speech, in Austria - the world's first peaceful establishment of a social democratic government takes place in Sweden - Palestine riots: Violence erupts between Arab and Jewish residents in Jerusalem - Soviet Russia recognizes independence of the Democratic Republic of Georgia only to invade the country six months later - Polish–Soviet War - Irish War of Independence - the Nineteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution is passed, guaranteeing women's suffrage - in Geneva, the first assembly of the League of Nations is held - the United Kingdom and France ratify the border between French-held Syria and British-held Palestine

culture - because there are so many mixed-race persons and because so many Americans with some black ancestry appear white, the United States Census stops counting mixed-race peoples and the one drop rule becomes the national legal standard - the first commercial radio station in the United States, 8MK (WWJ), begins operations in Detroit MI - insulin discovered - dendrochronology dating - Max Weber (†) - Amedeo Modigliani (†)

music - the Salzburg Festival is founded - Groupe des six (Georges Auric, Louis Durey, Arthur Honegger, Darius Milhaud, Francis Poulenc, Germaine Tailleferre) launched - Darius Milhaud/Jean Cocteau: Le Boeuf sur le toit - Erich Wolfgang Korngold: Die tote Stadt (The Dead City) - Igor Stravinsky: Pulcinella - Mamie Smith's first blues recordings become a hit, alerting record companies to the African American market - Max Bruch (†)

first released recordings by Lucille Hegamin, Mamie Smith

released songs - Mamie Smith: Crazy Blues

1921

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