... dates when who was where, recordings for which label ...



history - the International Working Union of Socialist Parties is formed in Vienna - Irish Republican Army kills at least nine British troops - the Allies of World War I reparations commission announce that Germany has to pay 132 billion gold marks ($33 trillion) in annual installments of 2.5 billion - the death penalty is abolished in Sweden - the province of Northern Ireland is created within the United Kingdom - the Communist Party of China is officially founded - U.S. President Warren Harding signs a joint congressional resolution declaring an end to America's state of war with Germany, Austria and Hungary - Adolf Hitler becomes Führer of the Nazi Party

culture - the first BCG vaccination against tuberculosis is given - researchers at the University of Toronto announce the discovery of the hormone insulin - Jewish immigration to Palestine grows rapidly because the USA drastically limited immigration from Eastern Europe - Summerhill Scholl established by Alexander Sutherland Neill first in Hellerau near Dresden, Germany - Charles Francis Jenkins with a group of friends incorporates Jenkins Laboratories in Washington, D.C. with the purpose of "developing radio movies to be broadcast for entertainment in the home" - the Einstein Tower near Potsdam, Germany, designed by Erich Mendelsohn is completed - Luigi Pirandello: Six Characters in Search of an Author

music - Donaueschinger Musiktage (Donaueschingen Festival) is founded in Germany (oldest and one of the most important festivals for contemporary music in the world) - Arthur Honegger: Le Roi David - Leoš Janáček: Katya Kabanova; The Diary of One Who Disappeared - Sergei Prokofiev: The Love for Three Oranges - Enrico Caruso (†) - Engelbert Humperdinck (†)

musical instruments - the vibraphone in its original form is invented

first released recordings by Alberta Hunter, Norfolk Jazz And Jubilee Quartet, Mary Stafford, Ethel Waters, Clarence Williams, Edith Wilson