... dates when who was where, recordings for which label ...

1923

1924

history - Petrograd (Saint Petersburg) is renamed Leningrad - fascists win the elections in Italy with a ⅔ majority - Indian Citizenship Act of 1924 into law, granting citizenship to all Native Americans born within the territorial limits of the US - Vladimir Lenin (†)

culture - Edwin Hubble announces that Andromeda, previously believed to be a nebula, is actually another galaxy, and that the Milky Way is only one of many such galaxies in the universe - Mercedes-Benz is formed - Metro Goldwyn Mayer (MGM) is founded - André Breton defines surrealism as "pure psychic automatism" in the first Surrealist Manifesto - RAVAG, a collaboration between government and private industry, is given responsibility for all radio broadcasting in Austria - Die Nibelungen is a series of two silent fantasy films created by Austrian director Fritz Lang - E.M. Forster: A Passage to India - Thomas Mann: Der Zauberberg (The Magic Mountain) - Herman Melville: Billy Budd, Sailor - Louis Sullivan (†) - Joseph Conrad (†) - Franz Kafka (†)

music - George Gershwin: Rhapsody in Blue; Lady Be Good - Arthur Honegger: Pacific 231 - Leoš Janáček: The Cunning Little Vixen - Emmerich Kálmán: Gräfin Mariza - Giacomo Puccini: Turandot - Ferruccio Busoni (†) - Gabriel Fauré (†) - Giacomo Puccini (†)

first released recordings by Bix Beiderbecke, Butterbeans And Susie, Papa Charlie Jackson, Irene Scruggs

released songs - Ma Rainey: See See Rider

1925

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