... dates when who was where, recordings for which label ...



history - Austrian Civil War - all the police forces in Germany come under the command of Heinrich Himmler - Austrian Nazis assassinate chancellor Engelbert Dollfuss during a failed coup attempt - Adolf Hitler becomes Führer of Germany, becoming head of state as well as Chancellor (in a referendum, 90% of the German population approves of Hitler's assumption of presidential powers as Führer and Reichskanzler) - Catalonian separatists rebel in Spain - Persia becomes Iran - the U.S. Marines leave Haiti

culture - Black Sunday-twenty of the worst dust storms within the Dust Bowl occur - the 135 film cartridge is introduced in Germany and the United States with the Kodak Retina camera, making 35mm film easy to use - the Fallingwater in southwestern Pennsylvania, designed by American architect Frank Lloyd Wright - Agatha Christie: Murder on the Orient Express - Henry Miller: Tropic of Cancer - Marie Curie (†)

music - the Glyndebourne festival is inaugurated - Arnold Schoenberg emigrates to the US - Dmitri Shostakovich: Lady Macbeth of the Mtsensk District - Django Reinhardt and Stéphane Grappelli founded the Quintette du Hot Club de France - Cole Porter: Anything Goes - Edward Elgar (†) - Gustav Holst (†) - Charley Patton

first released recordings by Bill "Jazz" Gillum, Jimmie Gordon, Joe Pullum, Sun Ra

musical instruments - the Hammond organ, electric organ, invented by Laurens Hammond, manufactured by the Hammond Organ Company